Alopecia, or Spot baldness is a hair loss condition. There are different types of alopecia. Before starting treatment it is important to find which type of alopecia that patient suffer. The first and common type is Alopecia Areata. Anagen Effluvium, Telogen effluvium, Scarring Alopecia, etc. are different models. In the initial stage there appear small bald patches lose as patches on the scalp, if the condition get more worse it may be a complete lose of hair. It has several reasons, the main reason is immune system that affect the health system and health cell of the body and hair follicles. but there are lot or reasons hormonal changes, illness, medications, poor diet, stress etc. In most cases it not a permanent condition. androgenetic alopecia is another type of alopecia, it is the mail patten baldness, it affects men in the early stages, and its reason is usually hereditary and difficult to cure, but can prevent the condition and different treatments are available.
Alopecia areata is the most common it is spot baldness, it is due to failure of immune system. In it hair is lost from some or small areas of the scalp. In certain situation body didn’t recognise it own cells it reject that tissue, it the result of bald spot, in rare cases it can affect in whole scalp or whole body. Alopecia areata is in two type. scarring alopecia and non-scarring alopecia, on first losses hair follicles but in second hair removes but hair follicles exist it is curable.
Small bald patches are the initial symptoms and the skin is in normal of alopecia areata. The patches are round or oval shapes and affect scalp or beard and rarely on body. The reason for Alopecia areata is the autoimmune disorder in which body attacks its own anagen hair follicles and suppresses hair growth. Alopecia aretta is not a contagious diseases but it can affect family members, there is a heredity factor. Trichoscoppy is helpful to diagnosis for Alopecia areata. Treatment for Alopecia
aretta -If the affected area is small observe the growth the hair may re-growth there no need of treatment. if hair loss is high detailed treatments required.